Indian Evidence Act, 1872

Indian Evidence Act, 1872

Section 1 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Short title, extent and commencement.
Section 2 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Repeal of enactments.
Section 3 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Interpretation clause.
Section 4 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: “May presume”.
Section 5 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Evidence may be given of facts in issue and relevant facts.
Section 6 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Relevancy of facts forming part of same transaction.
Section 7 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Facts which are the occasion, cause or effect of facts in issue.
Section 8 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Motive, preparation and previous or subsequent conduct.
Section 9 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Facts necessary to explain or introduce relevant facts.
Section 10 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Things said or done by conspirator in reference to common design.
Section 11 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: When facts not otherwise relevant become relevant.
Section 12 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: In suits for damages, facts tending to enable Court to determine amount are relevant.
Section 13 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Facts relevant when right or custom is in question.
Section 14 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Facts showing existence of state of mind, or of body or bodily feeling.
Section 15 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Facts bearing on question whether act was accidental or intentional.
Section 16 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Existence of course of business when relevant.
Section 17 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Admission defined.
Section 18 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Admission by party to proceeding or his agent.
Section 19 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Admissions by persons whose position must be proved as against party to suit.
Section 20 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Admissions by persons expressly referred to by party to suit.
Section 21 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Proof of admissions against persons making them, and by or on their behalf.
Section 22 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: When oral admissions as to contents of documents are relevant.
Section 22A Indian Evidence Act, 1872: When oral admissions as to contents of electronic records are relevant.
Section 23 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Admissions in civil cases, when relevant.
Section 24 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Confession caused by inducement, threat or promise, when irrelevant in criminal proceeding.
Section 25 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Confession to police officer not to be proved.
Section 26 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Confession by accused while in custody of police not to be proved against him.
Section 27 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: How much of information received from accused may be proved.
Section 28 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Confession made after removal of impression caused by inducement, threat or promise relevant.
Section 29 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Confession otherwise relevant not to become irrelevant because of promise of secrecy, etc.
Section 30 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Consideration of proved confession affecting person making it and others jointly under trial for same offence.
Section 31 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Admissions not conclusive proof, but may estop.
Section 32 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Cases in which statement of relevant fact by person who is dead or cannot be found, etc .
Section 33 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Relevancy of certain evidence for proving, in subsequent proceeding, the truth of facts therein stated.
Section 34 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: [Entries in books of account including those maintained in an electronic form] when relevant.
Section 35 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Relevancy of entry in public 1[record or an electronic record] made in performance of duty.
Section 36 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Relevancy of statements in maps, charts and plans.
Section 37 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Relevancy of statement as to fact of public nature, contained in certain Acts or notifications.
Section 38 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Relevancy of statements as to any law contained in law-books.
Section 39 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: What evidence to be given when statement forms part of a conversation, document, electronic record, book or series of letters or papers.
Section 40 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Previous judgments relevant to bar a second suit or trial.
Section 41 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Relevancy of certain judgments in probate, etc.
Section 42 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Relevancy and effect of judgments, orders or decrees, other than those mentioned in section 41.
Section 43 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Judgments, etc.
Section 44 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Fraud or collusion in obtaining judgment, or incompetency of Court, may be proved.
Section 45 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Opinions of experts.
Section 45A Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Opinion of Examiner of Electronic Evidence.
Section 46 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Facts bearing upon opinions of experts.
Section 47 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Opinion as to handwriting, when relevant.
Section 47A Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Opinion as to 38 [electronic signature] when relevant .
Section 48 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Opinion as to existence of right or custom, when relevant.
Section 49 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Opinions as to usages, tenets, etc.
Section 50 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Opinion on relationship, when relevant.
Section 51 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Grounds of opinion, when relevant.
Section 52 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: In civil cases character to prove conduct imputed, irrelevant.
Section 53 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: In criminal cases, previous good character relevant.
Section 54 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Previous bad character not relevant, except in reply.
Section 55 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Character as affecting damages.
Section 56 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Fact judicially noticeable need not be proved.
Section 57 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Facts of which Court must take judicial notice.
Section 58 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Facts admitted need not be proved.
Section 59 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Proof of facts by oral evidence.
Section 60 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Oral evidence must be direct.
Section 61 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Proof of contents of documents.
Section 62 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Primary evidence.
Section 63 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Secondary evidence.
Section 64 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Proof of documents by primary evidence.
Section 65 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Cases in which secondary evidence relating to documents may be given.
Section 65A Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Special provisions as to evidence relating to electronic record.
Section 65B Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Admissibility of electronic records.
Section 66 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Rules as to notice to produce.
Section 67 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Proof of signature and handwriting of person alleged to have signed or written document produced.
Section 67A Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Proof as to [electronic signature].
Section 68 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Proof of execution of document required by law to be attested.
Section 69 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Proof where no attesting witness found.
Section 70 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Admission of execution by party to attested document.
Section 71 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Proof when attesting witness denies the execution.
Section 72 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Proof of document not required by law to be attested.
Section 73 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Comparison of signature, writing or seal with others admitted or proved.
Section 73A Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Proof as to verification of digital signature.
Section 74 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Public documents.
Section 75 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Private documents.
Section 76 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Certified copies of public documents.
Section 77 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Proof of documents by production of certified copies.
Section 78 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Proof of other official documents.
Section 78A Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Copies of public documents, to be as good as original documents in certain cases.
Section 79 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to genuineness of certified copies.
Section 80 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to documents produced as record of evidence.
Section 81 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to Gazettes, newspapers, private Acts of Parliament and other documents.
Section 81A Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to Gazettes in electronic forms.
Section 82 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to document admissible in England without proof of seal or signature.
Section 83 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to maps or plans made by authority of Government.
Section 84 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to collections of laws and reports of decisions.
Section 85 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to powers-of-attorney.
Section 85A Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to electronic agreements.
Section 85B Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to electronic records and 6 [electronic signatures].
Section 85C Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to 86 [Electronic Signature Certificates].
Section 86 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to certified copies of foreign judicial records.
Section 87 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to books, maps and charts.
Section 88 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to telegraphic messages.
Section 88A Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to electronic messages.
Section 89 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to due execution, etc.
Section 90 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to documents thirty years old.
Section 90A Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to electronic records five years old.
Section 91 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Evidence of terms of contracts, grants and other dispositions of property reduced to form of documents.
Section 92 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Exclusion of evidence of oral agreement.
Section 93 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Exclusion of evidence to explain or amend ambiguous document.
Section 94 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Exclusion of evidence against application of document to existing facts.
Section 95 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Evidence as to document unmeaning in reference to existing facts.
Section 96 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Evidence as to application of language which can apply to one only of several persons.
Section 97 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Evidence as to application of language to one of two sets of facts, to neither of which the whole correctly applies.
Section 98 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Evidence as to meaning of illegible characters, etc.
Section 99 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Who may give evidence of agreement varying term of document.
Section 100 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Saving of provisions of Indian Succession Act relating to Wills.
Section 101 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Burden of proof.
Section 102 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: On whom burden of proof lies.
Section 103 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Burden of proof as to particular fact.
Section 104 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Burden of proving fact to be proved to make evidence admissible.
Section 105 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Burden of proving that case of accused comes within exceptions.
Section 106 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Burden of proving fact especially within knowledge.
Section 107 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Burden of proving death of person known to have been alive within thirty years.
Section 108 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Burden of proving that person is alive who has not been heard of for seven years.
Section 109 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Burden of proof as to relationship in the cases of partners, landlord and tenant, principal and agent.
Section 110 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Burden of proof as to ownership.
Section 111 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Proof of good faith in transactions where one party is in relation of active confidence.
Section 111A Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to certain offences.
Section 112 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Birth during marriage, conclusive proof of legitimacy.
Section 113 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Proof of cession of territory.
Section 113A Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to abetment of suicide by a married woman.
Section 113B Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to dowry death.
Section 114 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Court may presume existence of certain facts.
Section 114A Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Presumption as to absence of consent in certain prosecutions for rape.
Section 115 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Estoppel.
Section 116 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Estoppel of tenant; and of licensee of person in possession.
Section 117 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Estoppel of acceptor of bill of exchange, bailee or licensee.
Section 118 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Who may testify.
Section 119 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Dumb witnesses.
Section 120 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Parties to civil suit, and their wives or husbands.
Section 121 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Judges and Magistrates.
Section 122 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Communications during marriage.
Section 123 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Evidence as to affairs of State.
Section 124 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Official communications.
Section 125 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Information as to commission of offences.
Section 126 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Professional communications.
Section 127 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Section 126 to apply to interpreters, etc.
Section 128 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Privilege not waived by volunteering evidence.
Section 129 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Confidential communications with legal advisers.
Section 130 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Production of title-deeds of witness not a party.
Section 131 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Production of documents or electronic records which another person, having possession, could refuse to produce.
Section 132 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Witness not excused from answering on ground that answer will criminate.
Section 133 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Accomplice.
Section 134 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Number of witnesses.
Section 135 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Order of production and examination of witnesses.
Section 136 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Judge to decide as to admissibility of evidence.
Section 137 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Examination-in-chief.
Section 138 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Order of examinations.
Section 139 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Cross-examination of person called to produce a document.
Section 140 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Witnesses to character.
Section 141 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Leading questions.
Section 142 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: When they must not be asked.
Section 143 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: When they may be asked.
Section 144 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Evidence as to matters in writing.
Section 145 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Cross-examination as to previous statements in writing.
Section 146 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Questions lawful in cross-examination.
Section 147 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: When witness to be compelled to answer.
Section 148 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Court to decide when question shall be asked and when witness compelled to answer.
Section 149 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Question not to be asked without reasonable grounds.
Section 150 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Procedure of Court in case of question being asked without reasonable grounds.
Section 151 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Indecent and scandalous questions.
Section 152 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Questions intended to insult or annoy.
Section 153 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Exclusion of evidence to contradict answers to questions testing veracity.
Section 154 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Question by party to his own witness.
Section 156 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Questions tending to corroborate evidence of relevant fact, admissible.
Section 157 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Former statements of witness may be proved to corroborate later testimony as to same fact.
Section 158 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: What matters may be proved in connection with proved statement relevant under section 32 or 33.
Section 159 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Refreshing memory.
Section 160 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Testimony to facts stated in document mentioned in section 159.
Section 161 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Right of adverse party as to writing used to refresh memory.
Section 162 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Production of documents.
Section 163 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Giving, as evidence, of document called for and produced on notice.
Section 164 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Using, as evidence, of document, production of which was refused on notice.
Section 165 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Judge’s power to put questions or order production.
Section 166 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Power of jury or assessors to put questions.
Section 167 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: No new trial for improper admission or rejection of evidence.
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