Section 103 IPC (Indian Penal Code): Indian Penal Code
When the right of private defence of property extends to causing death.—The right of private defence of property extends, under the restrictions mentioned in section 99, to the voluntary causing of death or of any other harm to the wrong-doer, if the offence, the committing of which, or the attempting to commit which, occasions the exercise of the right, be an offence of any of the descriptions hereinafter enumerated, namely:—
(First) — Robbery;
(Secondly) —House-breaking by night;
(Thirdly) — Mischief by fire committed on any building, tent or vessel, which building, tent or vessel is used as a human dwelling, or as a place for the custody of property;
(Fourthly) —Theft, mischief, or house-trespass, under such circumstances as may reasonably cause apprehension that death or grievous hurt will be the consequence, if such right of private defence is not exercised. STATE AMENDMENTS
(Karnataka) —(1) In section 103, in clause Thirdly,—
(i) after the words “mischief by fire”, insert the words “or any explosive substance”;
(ii) after the words “as a human dwelling, or” insert the words “as a place of worship, or”.
(2) After clause Fourthly, insert the following clause, namely:— “Fifthly.—Mischief by fire or any explosive substance committed on any property used or intended to be used for the purpose of Government or any local authority, statutory body or company owned or controlled by Government or railway or any vehicle used or adapted to be used for the carriage of passengers for hire or reward.” [Vide Karnataka Act 8 of 1972, sec. 2 (w.e.f. 7-10-1972)].
(Maharashtra) —In section 103, add the following at the end, namely:— “Fifthly.—Mischief by fire or any explosive substance committed on any property used or intended to be used for the purposes of Government or any local authority, statutory body, company owned or controlled by Government, railway or tramway, or on any vehicle used or adapted to be used, for the carriage of passengers for hire or reward”. [Vide Maharashtra Act 19 of 1971, sec. 26 (w.e.f. 31-12-1971)]. Uttar Pradesh.—In section 103, after clause fourthly, add the following clause, namely:— “Fifthly.—Mischief by fire or any explosive substance committed on—
(a) Any property used or intended to be used for the purpose of Government, or any local authority or other corporation owned or controlled by the Government, or
(b) any railway as defined in clause (4) of section 3 of the Indian Railways Act, 1890 or railways stores as defined in the Railways Stores (Unlawful Possession) Act, 1955, or
(c) any transport vehicle as defined in *clause (33) of section 2 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1939.” [Vide Uttar Pradesh Act 29 of 1970, sec. 2 (w.e.f. 17-7-1970)]. * See clause (47) of sec. 2 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988.
Verma Law Associates is an offspring of Advocate Anoop Verma and other experienced Advocates/Lawyers.
Advocate Anoop Verma has been advising individuals, corporates, businesses on a variety of legal issues since his call to the Punjab & Haryana Bar Council.
After gaining years of experience working for law firms, Advocate Anoop Verma opened his own Law firm “Verma Law Associates” where he is able to provide quality legal services at reasonable rates.
During his career, he has been involved in some of the most complicated and high profile cases, and participated in several ground-breaking litigation cases. Having been trained and mentored by some of best lawyers, he brings a unique perspective and varied experience to his practice.
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