Section 126 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Professional communications.

Section 126 Indian Evidence Act, 1872: Professional communications.

Professional communications.—No barrister, attorney, pleader or vakil shall at any time be permitted, unless with his client’s express consent, to disclose any communication made to him in the course and for the purpose of his employment as such barrister, pleader, attorney or vakil, by or on behalf of his client, or to state the contents or condition of any document with which he has become acquainted in the course and for the purpose of his professional employment, or to disclose any advice given by him to his client in the course and for the purpose of such employment: Provided that nothing in this section shall protect from disclosure—
(1) Any such communication made in furtherance of any 1[illegal] purpose; 2[illegal] purpose;”
(2) Any fact observed by any barrister, pleader, attorney or vakil, in the course of his employment as such, showing that any crime or fraud has been committed since the commencement of his employment. It is immaterial whether the attention of such barrister, 2[pleader], attorney or vakil was or was not directed to such fact by or on behalf of his client. Explanation.—The obligation stated in this section continues after the employment has ceased. Illustrations
(a) A, a client, says to B, an attorney—“I have committed forgery, and I wish you to defend me”. As the defence of a man known to be guilty is not a criminal purpose, this communication is protected from disclosure.
(b) A, a client, says to B, an attorney—“I wish to obtain possession of property by the use of a forged deed on which I request you to sue”. This communication, being made in furtherance of a criminal purpose, is not protected from disclosure.
(c) A, being charged with embezzlement, retains B, an attorney, to defend him. In the course of the proceedings, B observes that an entry has been made in A’s account-book, charging A with the sum said to have been embezzled, which entry was not in the book at the commencement of his employment. This being a fact observed by B in the course of his employment, showing that a fraud has been committed since the commencement of the proceedings, it is not protected from disclosure.

 

About us:

Verma Law Associates is an offspring of Advocate Anoop Verma and other experienced Advocates/Lawyers.

Advocate Anoop Verma has been advising individuals, corporates, businesses on a variety of legal issues since his call to the Punjab & Haryana Bar Council.

After gaining years of experience working for law firms, Advocate Anoop Verma opened his own Law firm “Verma Law Associates” where he is able to provide quality legal services at reasonable rates.

During his career, he has been involved in some of the most complicated and high profile cases, and participated in several ground-breaking litigation cases. Having been trained and mentored by some of best lawyers, he brings a unique perspective and varied experience to his practice.

We at Verma Law Associates handles all the cases pertaining to:

  • Criminal Law
  • Banking Law/DRT (Debt Recovery Tribunal)
  • Civil Law
  • Family Disputes
  • Consumer Laws
  • Service Law/Service Matters
  • Company Law/NCLT (National Company Law Tribunal)
  • Motor Accident Claims
  • Property Law

Have a Question? Schedule a Consultation.

We offer initial consultations over the telephone and in person at no cost.

Talk to Advocate Anoop Verma directly
tel:+919463742964

Advocate Anoop Verma

Punjab & Haryana High Court Chandigarh, DRT Chandigarh

Email: advanoopverma@gmail.com

 

Leave a Reply

AI Chatbot Avatar
%d bloggers like this: